Based on both theoretical and practical experiences, the measures aimed at controlling emergency shutdowns of stopes have been highlighted. These stopes are connected with the emergency rigid settlements of powered complexes. In terms of the Western Donbas mines, there are certain risks of a shutdown of stopping operations within the zone of primary roof caving. Thus, the causes of emergency rigid settlements of the support may include the following: layers of the main roof rocks are hanging and not timely delaminated; sudden changes in lithology; hydraulic overloading of the main roof; structural flaws of support under certain conditions of its use, etc. In this paper, the theoretical method of scientific cognition was applied, which, with its help, makes it possible to switch from single low-efficiency measures to a set of actions aimed at preventing any uncontrolled situation. Obtaining certain generalized knowledge means obtaining a much deeper representation of reality, penetrating into its essence. The study also involves statistical analysis, being the basis for outlining a zone of primary caving where a high degree of risk is observed. Certainly, the generalization of these measures does not solve the problem completely. Consequently, there will be further attempts to search for and achieve principal new solutions in the future.
|State||Published - May 2022|
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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- coal seam
- collapse of a roof
- cutting width
- mining depth
- underground mining