A Methodological Framework for the Conservation and Planning of Urban Spaces in Historical Centers Around Riverfronts. The Case of Arequipa, Peru

Carlos Zeballos-Velarde

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Many cities have been born around rivers, which have not only been a source of life and irrigation for crops but also have provided spaces for recreation and social gathering. However, growth and modernization processes have led to the social and environmental detriment of many of these areas, becoming marginal or neglected sectors of the cities. Nevertheless, in recent years there have been numerous examples of how waterfronts have been recovered for the enjoyment of their communities. The following paper explores a methodology in which a public space system in a historic center can be preserved and upgraded along with the development or improvement of its riverfront, acting as its structuring backbone. Taking the historic center of Arequipa, Peru, as a case study, the article proposes a territorial analysis model and a methodological approach that allows understanding the way in which the river landscape is conceived, used, and managed as a territory as well as its relationship with other public spaces in the historic center. The methodological approach is mixed, starting from a documentary review of how the open space system used to be integrated to the river in the past, a relationship that was lost during the modernization. Then, by reviewing other case studies of the continent and the analysis of interfaces around the river basin, a management system of public spaces is proposed, through 4 axes of action: the development of a monumental historical space and value system, economic productivity, environmental quality, and inter-institutional management.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Science, Technology and Innovation
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAdvances in Science, Technology and Innovation
ISSN (Print)2522-8714
ISSN (Electronic)2522-8722

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author would like to thank the Universidad Catolica San Pablo in Arequipa, for funding the project entitled ?An?lisis hist?rico de los espacios urbanos en centros monumentales usando herramientas de teledetecci?n. El caso de Arequipa.? (Historical analysis of urban spaces in monumental centers using remote sensing tools. The case of Arequipa) of which this chapter is the first outcome.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Historical centers
  • Preservation
  • Riverfronts
  • Urban spaces


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