Core-shell Au/Fe3O4 nanocomposite synthesized by thermal decomposition method: Structural, optical, and magnetic properties

G. B. Oliveira-Filho, J. J. Atoche-Medrano, F. F.H. Aragón, J. C. Mantilla Ochoa, D. G. Pacheco-Salazar, S. W. da Silva, J. A.H. Coaquira

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Core-shell structure Au@Fe3O4 nanoparticles was synthesized via a thermal decomposition method, evidencing through interplanar atomic distances of ~ 0.23 nm and ~ 0.48 nm finding in the center and the shell of the particles, matching to the (1 1 1) Au and (1 1 1) magnetite planes, respectively. The nanocomposite has an average diameter of the core of ~ 10.5 nm and a thickness of the shell of ~1.85 nm, accessed by TEM. X-ray diffraction carried out on the sample shows the crystal structure of fcc Au and fcc Fe3O4 without a spurious crystalline phase. Besides, Rietveld refinement displays an outer diameter of ~ 8.1 and ~ 12.3 for the core and shell, respectively, the latter using the Scherrer constant of 0.9 and 1.43, respectively. The UV–vis characterization result shows a surface plasmon resonance spectra of Au@Fe3O4 nanoparticles at ~ 540 nm, which advise a successful core–shell coupling of Au and the Fe3O4. Finally, the magnetic response displays a system with a superparamagnetic state at room temperature and with a distribution of blocking temperatures associated with the enhanced surface contribution related to the hollow magnetite structure's inner and outer surface. From the mean TB, the effective magnetic anisotropy Keff1.7×104 J/m3 was obtained, which is in agreement with the expected for the magnetite phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number150290
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2021

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© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Core-shell nanoparticles
  • Effective magnetic anisotropy
  • Superparamagnetism
  • Surface plasmon resonance


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