DISEÑO SOSTENIBLE DE UN MÓDULO INNOVADOR DE TRATAMIENTO BIOLÓGICO DE AGUAS RESIDUALES EN COMUNIDADES RURALES ANDINAS VULNERABLES UTILIZANDO Nostoc commune CASO: COPORAQUE-CAYLLOMA (PERÚ)

Translated title of the contribution: SUSTAINABLE DESIGN of AN INNOVATIVE MODULE for BIOLOGICAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT in VULNERABLE RURAL ANDEAN COMMUNITIES USING Nostoc commune STUDY CASE: COPORAQUE-CAYLLOMA (Peru)

Francisco Javier Roque-Rodríguez, Renato Manuel Huanca Florez, Bryan Manuel Chririnos Ortiz, Daniela Delgado Pineda, Erik Miguel Álvarez Tejada, Robert Joaquín Medina Ramos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Rural poverty and poor development of the Peruvian high Andean peasantry and other nearby latitudes of the Southern American region of our continent is mainly due to the lack of access to basic services (education, health, sanitation and, many times, electricity supply), technological resources and technical knowledge. Coporaque is a peruvian district located in Caylloma province (Arequipa-Peru) that has a total area of 112 Km2 and it has a total population of 973 inhabitants mainly Quechua-speaking [13] that considers several hamlets and small centers with dispersed settlements being its main populated center its capital of the same name and characterized by its orphanhood with the working groups of the Regional Government of Arequipa to which its development and socioeconomic growth are affirmed. One of the main problems that this area presents is the scarce and null treatment of its domestic wastewater due to the lack of purification systems that causes a deterioration in its quality of life and in the care and reuse of water resources without generating environmental impact and serious pollution. In this context, a bio-based treatment module was designed and configured (using native Nostoc commune) to purify domestic wastewaters in physicochemical and microbiological terms to give it a suitable water quality for irrigation and animal consumption and sustainable achieving its clean reincorporation to the ecosystem. The experimental results showed an elimination of more than 78% of microbial pathogens and common contaminants when the treatment module was installed and started up in the influence area. The innovative aspect of the treatment module generated consisted in the use of a macrophytic cyanobacterium native to the area and known, commonly, like common murmunta (Nostoc commune) that proliferates in cold freshwater channels and is considered only as natural biomass without application. Additionally, the complete structure of the treatment module design is presented in its effective operation for the treatment of domestic wastewaters generated in the reported geographic area.

Translated title of the contributionSUSTAINABLE DESIGN of AN INNOVATIVE MODULE for BIOLOGICAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT in VULNERABLE RURAL ANDEAN COMMUNITIES USING Nostoc commune STUDY CASE: COPORAQUE-CAYLLOMA (Peru)
Original languageSpanish
Title of host publication19th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology
Subtitle of host publication"Prospective and Trends in Technology and Skills for Sustainable Social Development" and "Leveraging Emerging Technologies to Construct the Future", LACCEI 2021 - Proceedings
EditorsMaria M. Larrondo Petrie, Luis Felipe Zapata Rivera, Catalina Aranzazu-Suescun
PublisherLatin American and Caribbean Consortium of Engineering Institutions
ISBN (Electronic)9789585207189
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event19th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology: "Prospective and Trends in Technology and Skills for Sustainable Social Development" and "Leveraging Emerging Technologies to Construct the Future", LACCEI 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 19 Jul 202123 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the LACCEI international Multi-conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Volume2021-July
ISSN (Electronic)2414-6390

Conference

Conference19th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology: "Prospective and Trends in Technology and Skills for Sustainable Social Development" and "Leveraging Emerging Technologies to Construct the Future", LACCEI 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period19/07/2123/07/21

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Latin American and Caribbean Consortium of Engineering Institutions. All rights reserved.

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