Disinformation in Social Networks: A Systematic Review on Fake News in Times of Pandemic

Paola Meza-Gómez, José Enrique García-Tejada, Jorge Mamani-Calcina, Cesar Gonzalo Vera-Vasquez, Nelly Mamani-Berrios, Miguel Angel Ortiz-Esparza

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The use of social media, low literacy, fast information sharing and preprint services are identified as the main causes of the infodemic [4] and among its consequences we find that it can promote public health risk behaviors globally. The results of Fake news represents a threat to societies in the context of the pandemic. The aim of this article is to review existing research on fake news in the last 2 years, discussing the characteristics of infodemics, media/digital literacy and its impact on society, as well as highlighting mechanisms to detect and curb fake news on covid-19 in social networks. Thirty articles were analyzed and selected from 1354 open access articles on this subject. The conclusion was that knowledge of fake news should be taken note of due to the harmful effects on society, considering the informational contexts (epistemic, normative and emotional), together with media literacy to increase trust and emphasize public health messages with emotionally relevant and scientifically based content, in order to continue conducting research that allows a 100% effective recognition and elimination of untruthful information on social networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-126
Number of pages9
JournalCEUR Workshop Proceedings
Volume3353
StatePublished - 2023
Event2022 International Congress of Trends in Educational Innovation, CITIE 2022 - Arequipa, Peru
Duration: 8 Nov 202210 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Copyright for this paper by its authors. Use permitted under Creative Commons License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

Keywords

  • Covid-19
  • deep network detection
  • digital literacy
  • disinformation
  • fake news
  • infodemics
  • rumors
  • social networks

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