Evaluación de los factores de riesgo ergonómicos en el uso del martillo neumático manual en labores construcción

Translated title of the contribution: Evaluation of the ergonomic risk factors in the use of the manual pneumatic hammer in construction work

Marco Carrera, Jonathan Almirón, Paul Huanca-Zúñiga, Katia Valverde-Ponce, Mariela Huanca-Zúñiga, Danny Tupayachy-Quispe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

This research is focused on evaluating the ergonomic risk factors associated with the handling of the manual pneumatic hammer in civil construction works by applying the Lest Method. With the application of the method in an initial way, it is determined that the most significant factors that affect the operators are the physical load (static and dynamic) and the physical environment (noise) with a rating of 10 "harmful situation" for said factors from a scale from 0-10. Twenty risks associated with the use of the hammer are identified, the most critical being pneumoconiosis, hearing loss, vascular and neurological diseases, and musculoskeletal disorders. To deal with it, controls were implemented such as the reduction of exposure time, the use of specific personal protective equipment to reduce vibration and noise, the optimization of the weight of the equipment, training for operators and the reduction of working hours. Applying the Lest method in a second stage, after the application of corrective measures, it is determined that the assessment of the significant risk factors is reduced approximately by half. It is concluded that this technique is useful for evaluating risk factors in construction activities by making a global diagnosis of multiple factors to which operators are exposed and determining those that are relevant. In addition, it allows determining the effectiveness of the implemented controls, determining that the controls reduced the level of occupational risk.

Translated title of the contributionEvaluation of the ergonomic risk factors in the use of the manual pneumatic hammer in construction work
Original languageSpanish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 21st LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Subtitle of host publicationLeadership in Education and Innovation in Engineering in the Framework of Global Transformations: Integration and Alliances for Integral Development, LACCEI 2023
EditorsMaria M. Larrondo Petrie, Jose Texier, Rodolfo Andres Rivas Matta
PublisherLatin American and Caribbean Consortium of Engineering Institutions
ISBN (Electronic)9786289520743
StatePublished - 2023
Event21st LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology, LACCEI 2023 - Buenos Aires, Argentina
Duration: 19 Jul 202321 Jul 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the LACCEI international Multi-conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Volume2023-July
ISSN (Electronic)2414-6390

Conference

Conference21st LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology, LACCEI 2023
Country/TerritoryArgentina
CityBuenos Aires
Period19/07/2321/07/23

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Latin American and Caribbean Consortium of Engineering Institutions. All rights reserved.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of the ergonomic risk factors in the use of the manual pneumatic hammer in construction work'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this