Cenopalpus wainsteini (Livshitz and Mitrofanov, Proceedings Nikitsky Botanic Garden 39:1–72, 1967), a mite species in the family Tenuipalpidae, was discovered on Pinus sylvestris Thumb. in Lima, Peru, and represents the first record of this species in the Americas. Previously, only Cenopalpus pulcher (Canestrini and Fanzago Acari Academia Cientifico Veneto 5:130-142, 1876) and C. officinalis (Papaioannou-Souliotis, Annals Institut Phytopathology Benaki 15:11–27, 1986) have been reported from the Nearctic and Neotropic regions. The current paper describes and illustrates the morphological characters of female, deutonymph, protonymph and includes the first description of the larval stage of the species. Species of C. wainsteini collected in Peru were compared with specimens collected in Italy, as well as with the original description by Livschitz and Mitrofanov of specimens from Ukraine and the re-description of the species by Arabuli and Kvavadze Int J Acarology 39(7): 538–541 (2013) based on specimens collected in Georgia. Furthermore, notes on Cenopalpus lineola (Canestrini and Fanzago 1876) are included since it is frequently associated with C. wainsteini. Severe damage symptoms caused by this flat mite on its host plants were observed and are discussed herein.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank Andrew Ulsamer (SEL-USDA) for the revision and helpful suggestions on the manuscript. To Jennifer J. Beard (Queensland Museum, Australia) Debra Creel and Lucrecia Rodriguez (SEL-USDA), Armando Rosario-Lebron (APHIS-USDA), Elizeu Castro (Universidade Estadual Paulista, S?o Jos? do Rio Preto, S?o Paulo, Brazil), Ricardo Bassini-Silva (University of San Paulo, Brazil), Pasquale Trotti, Franca Todisco and Giuseppe Bari (Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro) for their help and support with references and materials. To Entomological Museum Klaus Raven Buller of the Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (Per?), Smithsonian Natural History Museum and National Agricultural Library (NAL-USDA), SEL-USDA for support and assistance with specimens, references and equipment. The mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the USDA; USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.
Partial financial support was received from University of Bari Aldo Moro (Global thesis) and in part by Universidad Nacional de San Agustin de Arequipa (Contract PP VRI 014–2019).
© 2021, Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil.
- Cenopalpus lineola species-group
- Cryo-scanning electron microscopy
- Neotropical region
- Plant damage
- Plant protection