LiDAR small satellite for space debris location and attitude determination

Jaime Gerson Cuba Mamani, Pablo Raul Yanyachi Aco Cardenas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Orbital congestion has been dramatically increasing because of the lack of an integrated removal solution of space debris. The desire for sustainable human space activity has led to increase in the number of studies to remediate this problem. In order to decrease the collision risk between space debris and operational spacecraft, ground telescopes and radars have been largely used to detect and track large space debris. Even though, due to the greater number, size, and velocity, the small space debris remains as the greatest threat. LiDAR small satellite is the main promising solution to detect and characterize both small and large space debris. This research shows a brief description of the current technologies and methods used to tackle the main problem. The proposed LiDAR system and its main considerations for the location and attitude determination inside a field of view are presented. The space debris location inside the Laser field of view was determined by combining the laser range data and the spacecraft position-velocity vector over time. The space debris attitude was determined by, a novel method, the relation between the laser intensity reflection and the space debris rotation over time. Simulation results show that the relationship between the laser intensity reflection to the rotational angle of the space debris is more affected by the incidence angle (laser beam-surface normal) than the variation of distance between the spacecraft and space debris. Thus, any rotational object has a unique mean intensity reflection-rotation according to its shape. This relationship can be considered as its intensity reflection signature.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2019 IEEE International Conference on Aerospace and Signals, INCAS 2019 - In conjunction with the Aerospace Bolivian Conference, ABC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728127514
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Aerospace and Signals, INCAS 2019 - La Paz, Bolivia, Plurinational State of
Duration: 31 Jul 20192 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2019 IEEE International Conference on Aerospace and Signals, INCAS 2019 - In conjunction with the Aerospace Bolivian Conference, ABC 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Aerospace and Signals, INCAS 2019
Country/TerritoryBolivia, Plurinational State of
CityLa Paz
Period31/07/192/08/19

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENT The first author would like to thank to the professors at Beihang University (China) and San Agustin University of Arequipa (Peru) / IAAPP for their support during the progress of this research; and is also grateful for the scholarship given by the Chinese government, and for the support of people in charge of the Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (RCSSTEAP-China), and to the Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IEEE.

Keywords

  • LiDAR technology
  • Space debris
  • attitude determination
  • intensity reflection
  • small satellite
  • space debris location

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