In the era of internet, several online platforms offer many items to users. Users could spend a lot of time to find (or not) some items they are interested, sometimes, they will probably not find the desired items. An effective strategy to overcome this problem is a recommender system, one of the most popular applications of machine learning. Recommender systems select most appropriate items to an specific user based on previous information between items and users, and they are developed using diffeent approaches. One of the most successful approach for developing recommender systems is collaborative filtering, which can filter out items that a user might like based on reactions of users with similar profiles. Often, traditional recommender systems only consider precision as evaluation metric of performance, however, others metrics (like recall, diversity, novelty, etc) are also important. Unfortunately, some metrics are conflicting, e.g., precision impacts negatively on other metrics. This paper presents a multi-objective evolutionary programming method for developing a recommender system, which is based on a new collaborative filtering technique, while maximizes the recall for a given precision, The new collaborative filtering technique uses three components for recommending an item to a user: 1) clustering of users; 2) a previous memory-based prediction; and 3) five decimal parameters (threshold average clustering, threshold penalty, threshold incentive, weight attached to average clustering and weight attached to Pearson correlation). The multi-objective evolutionary programming optimizes the clustering of users and the five decimal parameters, while, it searches maximizes both similarity precision and recall objectives. A comparison between the proposed method and a previous non-evolutionary method shows that the proposed method improves precision and recall metric on a benchmark database.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications|
|State||Published - 1 Oct 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Universidad Nacional de San Agustin de Arequipa under Project IBAIB-06-2019-UNSA.
© 2020 Science and Information Organization. All rights reserved.
- Collaborative filtering
- Evolutionary programming
- Recommender systems