Plackett-Burman design in the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles with Mutisia acuminatta (Chinchircoma) and preliminary evaluation of its antibacterial activity

Luis A. Laime-Oviedo, Carlos A. Arenas-Chávez, Jaime A. Yáñez, Corina A. Vera-Gonzáles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to synthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the methanolic fraction of Mutisia acuminatta leaves using Plackett-Burman design to optimize process parameters and to evaluate its antibacterial effect. Methods: For the separation of Mutisia acuminatta phytoconstituents, chromatographic techniques were used. For characterization and identification, UV - VIS spectrophotometry, FTIR spectrophotometry, Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used. The Plackett-Burman design used polynomial regression statistical analysis to determine the most influential variables. Results: UV-VIS spectroscopy reported an absorbance concerning surface plasmon resonance between 410–420 nm wavelength for the AgNPs. FTIR spectrophotometry reported characteristic peaks in the biosynthesized AgNPs, observing the disappearance of spectral peaks between 1000–1500 cm -1. By UHPLC-MS, caffeic acid derivatives, coumarins, flavonoids, lignans, disaccharide and a complex formed between silver and the solvent (AgCH3CN+) were identified. Using DLS, the AgNPs presented an average hydrodynamic size of 45.91 nm. TEM determined the spherical shape of the AgNPs, presenting diameters in the range of 30 to 60 nm. The biosynthesized AgNPs showed higher antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus than the total extract, the methanolic fraction and pure methanol. The polynomial model in the biosynthesis was validated with an adequate fitting representing the experimental data of the process. The most significant variables for the model obtained were the reaction pH (X 2) and the concentration of the precursor salt AgNO 3 (X 6). Conclusions: The synthesized AgNPs offer a viable option for further development due to the presence of bioactive compounds, adequate characterization and antibacterial activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1462
JournalF1000Research
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright: © 2023 Laime-Oviedo LA et al.

Keywords

  • Escherichia coli
  • Green synthesis
  • Mutisia acuminatta
  • silver nanoparticles
  • Staphylococcus aureus

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