The mineral Lapis Lazuli exhibits three thermoluminescence (TL) peaks approximately at 140, 260 and 370 °C. The TL intensity of the three peaks grows with radiation dose and it saturates only beyond 9 kGy. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) studies have been carried out to identify the defect centers responsible for the thermoluminescence peaks. The ESR spectrum of the as-received natural sample presented the typical six signals due to Mn2+ ion and a large signal around g=2.030 due to Fe3+ ion. Room temperature ESR spectrum of irradiated Lapis Lazuli shows the formation of a defect center. This center (center I) is identified as an F+-center (singly ionized oxygen vacancy) and seems to correlate with 140 and 250 °C TL peaks. An additional defect center is observed during thermal annealing experiments and this center (center II - assigned to F+-center) appears to originate from an F-center (oxygen vacancy with two electrons). This F-center, precursor of center II, may be related to the observed high temperature 360 °C TL peak in Lapis Lazuli.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors wish to thank Ms. E. Somessari and Mr. C. Gaia, Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Brazil, for kindly carrying out the irradiation of the samples. To FAPESP (Process number 2014/03085-0) for partial financial support and to CAPES (Process number BEX-9612130) for fellowship to T.K. Gundu Rao.
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.
- F-center, Thermoluminescence
- Lapis Lazuli