Unsupervised detection of disturbances in 2D radiographs

Laura Estacio, Moritz Ehlke, Alexander Tack, Eveling Castro, Hans Lamecker, Rensso Mora, Stefan Zachow

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

We present a method based on a generative model for detection of disturbances such as prosthesis, screws, zippers, and metals in 2D radiographs. The generative model is trained in an unsupervised fashion using clinical radiographs as well as simulated data, none of which contain disturbances. Our approach employs a latent space consistency loss which has the benefit of identifying similarities, and is enforced to reconstruct X-rays without disturbances. In order to detect images with disturbances, an anomaly score is computed also employing the Frechet distance between the input X-ray and the reconstructed one using our generative model. Validation was performed using clinical pelvis radiographs. We achieved an AUC of 0.77 and 0.83 with clinical and synthetic data, respectively. The results demonstrated a good accuracy of our method for detecting outliers as well as the advantage of utilizing synthetic data.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE 18th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, ISBI 2021
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages367-370
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781665412469
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Apr 2021
Event18th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, ISBI 2021 - Nice, France
Duration: 13 Apr 202116 Apr 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
Volume2021-April
ISSN (Print)1945-7928
ISSN (Electronic)1945-8452

Conference

Conference18th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, ISBI 2021
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityNice
Period13/04/2116/04/21

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.

Keywords

  • Anomaly detection
  • Generative models
  • Pelvic radiographs
  • Unsupervised learning

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