Validation of a self-perceived adaptive behaviors scale in older chilean women and percentiles for evaluation

Rossana Gomez-Campos, Ruben Vidal-Espinoza, Luis Felipe Castelli Correia De Campos, Cynthia Lee-Andruske, Jose Alfredo Sulla Torres, Carolina Cornejo-Valderrama, Nancy Lepe-Martinez, Juan Lagos-Luciano, Rodrigo Monne De La Peña, Camilo Urra-Albornoz, Paz Pezoa-Fuentes, Marco Cossio-Bolaños

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Healthy ageing means optimizing opportunities that allow older individuals to participate actively in society without discrimination. Learning adaptive behaviors (AB) may be extremely important for individuals for all stages of life. The goal of this study was: (a) to create a scale for self-perceived adaptive behavior, and (b) propose percentiles for evaluating AB in older adult women. A self-perception scale was created to measure adaptive behavior. Anthropometric and physical fitness variables for 192 older Chilean women (ages 60 to 88) were collected and evaluated. Content validity reflected agreement from 0.75 to 1.0. Construct validity carried out with exploratory factor analysis (EFA) resulted in 11 dimensions with 62 items in groups. Saturation oscillated between 0.62 and 0.85 with the explanation of variation as 46.27%. Cronbach’s Alpha was r = 0.83. The results indicated that the scale developed was valid and reliable for the Chilean women studied. This scale may be used to measure self-perception of AB patterns in older women. Furthermore, the percentiles allow for classification of the AB by age and anthropometric indices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number731
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Adaptive behavior
  • Body adiposity
  • Older adults
  • Physical fitness
  • Women


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