Validez del cuestionario PHQ-2 para la detección de depresión en personal sanitario colombiano durante Covid-19

Translated title of the contribution: Validity of the PHQ-2 questionnaire for the detection of depression in Colombian health personnel during Covid-19

Loida Camargo, Marcio Soto-Añari, Nicole Caldichoury-Obando, Miguel Ramos-Henderson, María F. Porto, Shelach Salomón, Carol Saldías-Solis, Pascual Gargiulo, Norman López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Depressive symptomatology in health professionals associated with viral crises is highly prevalent globally, being its detection a priority. Therefore, the objective of this research was to analyze the convergent validity and internal consistency of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) in healthcare professionals. Method: E-Health study where cross-sectional data was collected online (n = 725), from 281 general practitioners, 237 specialist doctors and 207 nurses during the Colombian quarantine, between April 20 and August 10, 2020. Average age 41.3 years (± 8.76). 38.4% were men (278) and 61.6% women (447). 66.1% of health personnel treated patients infected with coronavirus and 33.9% did not provide these services. The 9-item version of the PHQ was administered, validated in the Colombian population together with the 2-item version of the PHQ. Results: A high correlation was found between the scales (r = .860, P <0.001), demonstrating the convergent validity of the PHQ-2 to measure depressive symptomatology. The internal consistency of the PHQ-2 was adequate, with a Cronbach’s Alpha of 0.80 (I.C. = 0.76 - 0.83). Conclusions: The PHQ-2 has adequate psychometric standards of reliability and validity, so its rapid administration, easy qualification and interpretation, makes it a reliable and valid instrument for the rapid detection, without work overload, of depressive symptoms in doctors and nurses whether or not they care for patients with viral outbreaks.

Translated title of the contributionValidity of the PHQ-2 questionnaire for the detection of depression in Colombian health personnel during Covid-19
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)281-288
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 Sociedad de Neurologia Psiquiatria y Neurocirugia. All rights reserved.

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