A resource efficient and environmentally safe charge structure for mining in an open-pit

Oksana Tverda, Olena Kofanova, Kostiantyn Tkachuk, Nelya Guts, Mykola Repin, Edgar Cabana, Oleksii Kofanov

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Purpose. The purpose is to reduce mineral losses during the explosive destruction of rocks and environmental pollution by harmful gases and fine particulate matter. Methods. To achieve the objectives of the study, methods of physicochemical analysis and mechanics of continuous media have been used. The method of physico-chemical analysis has been used to determine the quantitative and qualita-tive characteristics of the composition of the well stemming depending on the parameters of the well, the type of explo-sive, the amount and type of harmful gases formed during the explosion. Methods of solid medium mechanics have bee n used to establish the patterns of pressure waves during an explosion depending on the char acteristics of the gap filler between the charge and the well wall. To solve the problem of the behavior of a two-layer medium during the loading of a cylindrical cavity by a nonstationary load, a numerical method based on the finite-difference McCormack predictor-corrector scheme has been used. Findings. A resource-saving and environmentally friendly charge structure for rock mining by explosion was developed. The design of the charge involves the formation of a gap between the charge and the wall of the borehole, and filling it with a suspension of calcium hydroxide or a suspension of calcium carbonate. Originality. The dependences of the volume of harmful gases (NO2, CO2, CO) formed during the explosive destruction of rocks and the magnitude of the pressure peak in the area close to the charge on the chemical composition of the filler of the radial gap between the charge and the well wall have been set. Practical implications. Developed charge design allows to neutralize the harmful gases formed during the explosion, to reduce the pressure peak in the area of the rock massif close to the charge, and can be widely used in non-metallic quarries that extract minerals for the production of crushed stone.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)84-90
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónMining of Mineral Deposits
Volumen15
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2021

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© 2021. O. Tverda et al.

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