Crecimiento físico de los niños y adolescentes que viven a una altitud moderada: Percentiles propuestos en función de la edad y el sexo

Lucila Sánchez-Macedo, Rubén Vidal-Espinoza, Rossana Gómez-Campos, Edilberto Díaz-Bonilla, Claudia Liliana Torres-Galvis, Luis Urzua-Alul, Luis Felipe Castelli Correia de Campos, José Sulla-Torres, Cynthia Lee-Andruske, Marco Cossio Bolaños

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction: physical growth patterns and nutritional status of children and adolescents living at a moderate altitude are not applicable for clinical assessment of growth for diverse populations around the world. Objective: a) to compare weight, height and body mass index (BMI) variables with CDC-2012 references; b) to verify if BMI and/or ponderal index (PI) are applicable to children living at a moderate altitude; and c) to propose percentiles to assess physical growth by age and sex. Methods: a total of 5,377 students, ranging in age from 6.0 to 17.9 years, were evaluated. The students were from two geographic regions of moderate altitude in Peru (2,320 meters) and Colombia (2,640 meters). Weight and height were measured. BMI and PI were calculated. Weight, height and BMI were compared with CDC-2012 references. Results: males showed lower weight and height from age 11 to 17.9 years compared to CDC-2012. Females weighed less than the reference from 9.0 to 17.9 years. Female height was lower from 6.0 to 14.9 years; however, from 15.0 to 17.9 years, values were similar to the reference. As for BMI, there were differences in both sexes (in males, from 15.0 to 17.9 years, and in females, from 12.0 to 17.9 years). Age, weight and height explained BMI: between R2 = 17 and 83 % in males, and in females between R2 = 24 and 85 %. These same variables influenced PI in a lower percentage in both sexes: for males (R2 = 0.01 to 49 %) and for females (R2 = 0.01 to 18 %). Conclusions: children and adolescents living at a moderate altitude in Peru and Colombia diverge from the CDC-2012 physical growth patterns. In addition, PI is a new alternative for estimating weight in relation to BMI. The proposed curves for weight, height, and PI by age and sex could have greater implications in the control of child health programs and in clinical and epidemiological practices.

Título traducido de la contribuciónPhysical growth of children and adolescents living at a moderate altitude: Proposed percentiles based on age and sex
Idioma originalEspañol
Número de artículo03722
Páginas (desde-hasta)1238-1247
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen38
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 nov. 2021

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 SENPE y©Arán Ediciones S.L.

Palabras clave

  • Adolescents
  • Altitude
  • BMI
  • Children
  • Percentiles
  • Physical growth
  • PI

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