Evaluación de los factores de riesgo ergonómicos en el uso del martillo neumático manual en labores construcción

Marco Carrera, Jonathan Almirón, Paul Huanca-Zúñiga, Katia Valverde-Ponce, Mariela Huanca-Zúñiga, Danny Tupayachy-Quispe

Producción científica: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoContribución a la conferenciarevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

This research is focused on evaluating the ergonomic risk factors associated with the handling of the manual pneumatic hammer in civil construction works by applying the Lest Method. With the application of the method in an initial way, it is determined that the most significant factors that affect the operators are the physical load (static and dynamic) and the physical environment (noise) with a rating of 10 "harmful situation" for said factors from a scale from 0-10. Twenty risks associated with the use of the hammer are identified, the most critical being pneumoconiosis, hearing loss, vascular and neurological diseases, and musculoskeletal disorders. To deal with it, controls were implemented such as the reduction of exposure time, the use of specific personal protective equipment to reduce vibration and noise, the optimization of the weight of the equipment, training for operators and the reduction of working hours. Applying the Lest method in a second stage, after the application of corrective measures, it is determined that the assessment of the significant risk factors is reduced approximately by half. It is concluded that this technique is useful for evaluating risk factors in construction activities by making a global diagnosis of multiple factors to which operators are exposed and determining those that are relevant. In addition, it allows determining the effectiveness of the implemented controls, determining that the controls reduced the level of occupational risk.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEvaluation of the ergonomic risk factors in the use of the manual pneumatic hammer in construction work
Idioma originalEspañol
Título de la publicación alojadaProceedings of the 21st LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Subtítulo de la publicación alojadaLeadership in Education and Innovation in Engineering in the Framework of Global Transformations: Integration and Alliances for Integral Development, LACCEI 2023
EditoresMaria M. Larrondo Petrie, Jose Texier, Rodolfo Andres Rivas Matta
EditorialLatin American and Caribbean Consortium of Engineering Institutions
ISBN (versión digital)9786289520743
EstadoPublicada - 2023
Evento21st LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology, LACCEI 2023 - Buenos Aires, Argentina
Duración: 19 jul. 202321 jul. 2023

Serie de la publicación

NombreProceedings of the LACCEI international Multi-conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Volumen2023-July
ISSN (versión digital)2414-6390

Conferencia

Conferencia21st LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology, LACCEI 2023
País/TerritorioArgentina
CiudadBuenos Aires
Período19/07/2321/07/23

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Latin American and Caribbean Consortium of Engineering Institutions. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Lest Method
  • construction
  • ergonomic risks
  • jackhammer

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