The implementation of inadequate tillage systems in arid zone lands causes the degradation of soil fertility. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of three tillage systems on the fertility of an Entisol soil in an arid zone. Soil structure, macrofauna, organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, pH, salinity and cation exchange capacity (CEC) were evaluated. The research was carried out at Majes Irrigation, Arequipa, Peru. The treatments were: T1) horizontal tillage (disc plow, harrow, seeder); T2) vertical tillage (chisel plow, harrow, seeder); and T3) no tillage (seeder). The experimental design used was randomized complete blocks with three replicates, and evaluations after 3, 10 and 17 months. Corn (Zea mays) and beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) were applied as green manure at 30 days after sowing to each treatment. The three tillage systems favored the formation of angular block-type structures of very fine and fine size, with a weak to moderate degree of aggregation. The composition and abundance of macrofauna increased as tillage time increased. Organic matter did not present statistically significant differences between tillage systems. No statistically significant differences were found in terms of N, P or pH. Horizontal tillage favored the presence of potassium and CEC, and limited the presence of salts, with a statistically significant difference with respect to vertical tillage and no tillage.
|Título traducido de la contribución||IMPACT OF THREE TILLAGE SYSTEMS ON THE FERTILITY OF AN ENTISOL SOIL IN ARID ZONES|
|Número de páginas||10|
|Publicación||Chilean Journal of Agricultural and Animal Sciences|
|Estado||Publicada - 2022|
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- conservation tillage
- horizontal tillage
- intensive tillage
- no tillage
- vertical tillage