The in vitro and field reactions of 23 potato cultivars and clones to two isolates of Phytophthora infestans were tested. The in vitro test used the detached potato leaflets method, and disease severity was evaluated 6 days after inoculation. Field experiments were conducted in autumn of 2013, in two locations in Pelotas City, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Seven evaluations of the disease severity were performed. From the severity values, the area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) was calculated. Tubers were harvested to determine the yield (g plot-1). The A2 mating type isolate was the most aggressive for the majority of the potato genotypes. It was possible to group the different reactions of the potato genotypes based on the AUDPC values. Clones C2553-1-06, C2573-4-06, C2550-4-06, C2551-2-06, and CIP392,617.54 showed moderate-to-high resistance to the two isolates of P. infestans. The values of severity and AUDPC obtained in vitro and field tests were positively correlated for both P. infestans isolates, but in some interactions, inconsistencies were observed. Tuber yield was negatively correlated with AUDPC.
Nota bibliográficaPublisher Copyright:
© 2019, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Arid. All rights reserved.