Tiempo de cuidado familiar en la carga de trabajo doméstico y sus efectos en la salud del niño

María Luz Ortiz De Agui, Irene Deza y Falcón, Teresita Vela López, Violeta Rojas Bravo, Gladys Luz Herrera Alania, Sonia Velásquez Rondón, Juan David Sergio Gayoso Rivera, Alejandrina Kibutz Aguí Ortiz

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction: The well-being of children depends on comprehensive care. It is the mother, together with the family, who plays an important role in the comprehensive care of their children; therefore, the time they dedicate to such task is essential. Objective: To identify the effects of family care time within domestic workloads on child health. Methods: Quantitative, observational and cross-sectional study, with ex post facto design, carried out, from January to December 2019, in Acomayo, Chinchao District, Huánuco Province, Peru. The population was 180 mothers, while the sample was 54 subjects chosen with simple random sampling. The following instruments, validated and made reliable, were applied: a questionnaire on the mother’s general characteristics, an assessing card for the child’s nutritional status, a hemoglobin screening card, document analysis card for the children’s illness episodes. Absolute frequencies and percentages were used< the hypotheses were verified using the chi-square test for P≤0.05. Results: Of the whole sample, 55.55% had insufficient time for family care, while 42.59% had an adjusted time. There was acute malnutrition in 48.14% and mild anemia in 46.29%. The presence of at least one episode of acute diarrheal disease was identified in 37.03%; for acute respiratory infection, in 38.88%; and for parasitosis, in 35.18%. Conclusions: Insufficient family care time within the domestic workloads has unfavorable effects on child health, evidenced by the presence of acute malnutrition, anemia, acute diarrheal diseases, acute respiratory infections and parasitosis in the children studied (P≤0.05).

Título traducido de la contribuciónFamily care time within domestic workloads and its effects on child health
Idioma originalEspañol
Número de artículoe4573
PublicaciónRevista Cubana de Enfermeria
Volumen37
N.º3
EstadoPublicada - 1 jul. 2021

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Child care
  • Child health
  • Poverty
  • Workloads

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