Using principal component analysis and rna-seq to identify candidate genes that control salt tolerance in garlic (Allium sativum l.)

Xiangjun Zhou, Yanxia Dou, Xiaoxia Huang, Gang Li, Hongrui Zhang, Dagang Jiang, Jinping Fan, Jorge Alberto Condori-Apfata, Xiaoqin Liu, Sandro Jhonatan Condori-Pacsi, Roxana M. Bardales, Mayela Elizabeth Mayta Anco, Helbert O. Lazo, Herbert Angel Delgado Salazar, Maria Valderrama Valencia, Cankui Zhang

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

To examine physiological responses of garlic to salinity, 17-day-old seedlings of eight soft-neck accessions were treated with 200 mM NaCl for seven days in a hydroponic system. Several morphological and physiological traits were measured at the end of the treatment, including shoot height, shoot fresh weight, shoot dry weight, root length, root fresh weight, root dry weight, photosynthesis rate, and concentrations of Na+ and K+ in leaves. The principal component analysis showed that shoot dry weight and K+/Na+ ratio contribute the most to salt tolerance among the garlic accessions. As a result, salt-tolerant and sensitive accessions were grouped based on these two parameters. Furthermore, to investigate the molecular mechanisms in garlic in response to salinity, the transcriptomes of leaves and roots between salt-tolerant and salt-sensitive garlic accessions were compared. Approximately 1.5 billion read pairs were obtained from 24 libraries generated from the leaves and roots of the salt-tolerant and salt-sensitive garlic accessions. A total of 47,509 genes were identified by mapping the cleaned reads to the garlic reference genome. Statistical analysis indicated that 1282 and 1068 genes were upregulated solely in the tolerant leaves and roots, whereas 1505 and 1203 genes were downregulated exclusively in the tolerant leaves and roots after NaCl treatment, respectively. Functional categorization of these genes revealed their involvement in a variety of biological processes. Several genes important for carotenoid biosynthesis, auxin signaling, and K+ transport were strongly altered in roots by NaCl treatment and could be candidate genes for garlic salt tolerance improvement.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo691
PublicaciónAgronomy
Volumen11
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - abr. 2021

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